Option codes are used as alias for your the choices in a choice question. They make your data analysis simpler and faster. Here is how.
Option codes are aliases for option in a choice question. Ex: For a gender question, with options "Male", "Female", and "Other", the option codes can be "M", "F", "O" or "1", "2", "3", or anything you want.
Adding option codes makes your data analysis simpler. In case you are running a survey in different languages, they also make data standardization easier. Here are some ways in which they can help you.
Using Option Codes:
- Same question in multiple forms: In case of multiple forms, you may have the same question repeated across forms with different labels. For instance, the options for gender may be “Male/Female” in Form A and “M/F” in Form B. In such cases, you should create option codes and keep them constant to ensure standardization.
- Change in option labels: In the course of your survey, there can be a scenario where your option labels need to be changed (for instance, if your field personnel do not understand the existing labels). To avoid any data discrepancy, option codes must be used because they would remain constant even if the labels change and reporting will not be hampered.
- Multiple languages: If you are running a survey in multiple languages, keeping option codes in one common language throughout helps in conducting data analysis without facing language issues.
Adding Option Codes on Collect:
Step 1. Go to your form on Collect and then go to the choice question you want to add option codes to.
Step 2. Click on "Add Option Codes" next to the options.
Step 3. In the screen you can see, add option code for each option.
While adding option codes may seem cumbersome to begin with, the advantages will be evident as you scale. So it is always a better practice to use them.
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